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Can You Automate Salesforce Tests Using Selenium?

Maria Homann

Maria Homann

In the search for the best automation tool to automate Salesforce, many choose Selenium as their go-to tool. If you too are considering Selenium for Salesforce testing, read on to make sure you make an informed decision and know the challenges that may lie ahead.

Selenium test automationis a popular web-testing tool.


Firstly, it’s free and open-source. This makes it an obvious starting point to see how test automation can contribute to productivity.

Second, Selenium allows you to drive tests and automate any process in a browser. This opens up test automation to any SaaS applications that run in the browser, including Salesforce!

But Selenium requires coding, and isn’t the best option for teams with limited or no coding capabilities.

Even those who have excellent coders on their team will find that a lot of time goes into setting up and maintaining Selenium tests – time that could have been better spent elsewhere.

Skip ahead to:

Can Selenium be used for Salesforce?

Using Selenium to automate Salesforce: 3 scenarios

Selenium for Salesforce alternatives

Selenium Salesforce testing FAQ

Can Selenium be used for Salesforce?

Yes! As Selenium allows you to automate any process in a browser, and Salesforce runs in the browser, you can use Selenium with Salesforce.

Selenium WebDriver offers a programming interface to interact with web browsers, enabling actions such as button clicks, form filling, page navigation, and data verification on Salesforce pages.

Using Selenium to automate Salesforce: 3 scenarios

Below are three scenarios that each explain typical challenges that testers face when trying to use Selenium for Salesforce test automation.

Scenario 1: The myriad of programming languages

A team consisting of one developer (let’s call him Dan), one tester with strong coding skills (Tina), and three testers with little to no coding skills (Teresa, Tom and Tiffany) choose to shift from manual to automated testing and select Selenium as their tool.

First, Dan and Tina are given the task of writing the scripts for their Selenium automated tests. Dan prefers to write his tests with Python, whereas Tina prefers C#.

Time passes, and new projects emerge. Being the most experienced programmer on the team, Dan’s time is reallocated to other projects, where his coding skills are needed. Tina stays on the testing team, and is asked to take over Dan’s scripts.

This is where the first challenge emerges. Tina doesn’t know Python, and therefore is forced to discard Dan’s unfinished tests and write them over in C#. Time is thrown out the window, and Tina is faced with the tedious task, which could have been avoided if they had chosen a no-code tool from the beginning.

Scenario 2: The endless search for broken code

Tina, Teresa, Tom and Tiffany are all testing with Tina’s scripted Selenium tests. It works well, until one day, a test breaks.

Tina tries to troubleshoot the test by searching through all the code. It isn’t easy though; there’s a lot of code to go through, and finding a small issue amonglines and lines of code can be tedious and very time-consuming.

Meanwhile, Tom wants to update another test, as there has been an update in Salesforce causing one of the elements in the test to be invalid. He also must spend a significant amount of time searching through the script – longer than Tina, because he isn’t as experienced with the code.

Once again, a lot of time goes into troubleshooting and maintenance.

Scenario 3: The maintenance monster

Dan, Tina, Teresa, Tom and Tiffany are all given the task of setting up a new series of tests with Selenium.

This time, they all contribute to the creation of tests: Dan and Tina write their own (in their preferred languages), while Teresa, Tom and Tiffany use Selenium’s documentation combined with simple Google searches to put together their tests.

Over time, tests are built up, contributing to an overall test architecture.

Unfortunately, due to the complexity of the combined tests, the testing architecture becomes quite chaotic and a bit of a monster to maintain.

Related reading: How to Build Maintainable and Scalable Test Automation

The team’s manager, Marie, concludes that the time it takes to maintain and rebuild automation scripts supersedes the time saved on automation, and she decides it isn’t worth it anymore.

She wants to find a new, more time-efficient solution that will give a better return on investment over time.

Selenium for Salesforce alternatives

Although Selenium checks quite a few boxes up front for teams wanting to automate their Salesforce tests, many find that it requires more of a time investment than initially expected – both in terms of setup and in terms of maintenance.

Here are four alternatives to Selenium for automating the Salesforce application. We included using AI alongside Selenium, which can be a good option for advanced Selenium users, and also included a list of features for each alternative.


There is a high risk of ‘testing bottlenecks’ when using Selenium and other developer-dependent tools to test web-based technologies such as Salesforce, which is the main reason why many opt for more user-friendly, code-free tools.

Watch the video below, to see how fast automation can be set up with a no-code tool compared to code-based Selenium.

When the intention of automating Salesforce tests is also to ensure stable functionality of business-critical processes, such as ensuring that customer details are updated and stored correctly, or that integrations between product websites and Salesforce are verified, it’s critical that tests are always running smoothly, and that testing teams can easily manage, maintain and troubleshoot any failed tests.

It’s important to remember that Selenium is a simple tool that only makes a browser perform certain tasks. It doesn’t offer a whole lot more than that.

For larger businesses and enterprises, where there are a big number of tests, teams with excellent business understanding but low coding skills, and functions like security and collaboration are highly critical, Selenium won’t suffice.

Learn more about codeless Salesforce automation

Learn about Leapwork's automation platform for Salesforce by downloading this solution brief, ordownload our whitepaper on Selenium for Salesforce automation to learn more about Selenium testing, and to see a comparison of Selenium to Leapwork.

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Selenium Salesforce testing FAQ

Which automation tool is best for Salesforce testing?

The choice depends on your context and requirements. No code automation tools are popular due to their end-to-end capabilities and low maintenance requirements.

Can you do automated testing in Salesforce?

Yes, automated testing in Salesforce is possible through tools that can create automation flows through a web browser.

Is there testing in Salesforce?

Yes, testing is a crucial aspect of Salesforce development, ensuring the reliability and functionality of customizations and integrations.

When not to use Selenium

Selenium may not be the ideal choice for larger enterprises with extensive testing needs, teams lacking advanced coding skills, or scenarios where code-free tools better align with business objectives.